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Active Shooter Cover & Concealment Tactics; Definition, Difference Between, Types, Bullets, Calibers & More

It is essential for our military and law enforcement to have the proper knowledge of cover versus concealment. When under fire, it is important for law enforcement or our military to know where to go to find safety. Many civilians, however, don’t know where to find proper cover or when they need to conceal themselves from a shooter. Shooting Range Industries will share what is cover and what is concealment for everyone’s understanding. Most law enforcement and military personnel will undergo rigorous training and be taught where to find cover and when to use concealment. However, civilian training courses for CCW sadly never covers this essential subject. For all fire arm owners out there, it is not only your responsibility to handle a firearm safely but know how to stay safe yourself.

Cover Definition

First, let’s let define cover. Cover is essential as not every material will provide proper protection from bullets. This may sound like a pretty simple idea. However, it is far more complex than most people realize. What provides cover can greatly change depending on the ammunition and of course, type of gun be using. Cover can also offer protection from explosion and fire. Some material may provide protection from certain rounds or calibers. If a big enough round is used, some material doesn’t stand a chance.

What is Concealment

Concealment doesn’t provide any protection from fire, explosions, or bullets. Concealment only offers visual protection, meaning an enemy can’t see you. Concealment is dangerous as it won’t actually protect you from harm. Concealment has its place but is only used for temporary situations. Concealment is a useful tool for those with proper training such as military and law enforcement.

Always Seek Cover First

As a civilian, it is recommended to always seek cover before concealment. However, you must take what the situation provides. For example, walls inside most modern buildings only provide concealment. Most calibers can easily penetrate walls. The weaker calibers won’t penetrate a stud. Studs are usually only 2 inches wide and are spaced between 12 to 16 inches apart. Never count on an interior wall to protect you from fire, explosions or bullets. Thinner wooden materials also don’t provide much protection either. When looking for cover, seek out areas with sand or dirt as they absorb the bullet’s velocity. Concrete, rock and stone can offer protection if they are thick enough. However, concrete can break up and eventually, a bullet can penetrate through the concrete. When inside the home, you can often use furniture for cover as they are made with wood and covered in fabrics. Fabric material can help slow down and weaken bullets and other projectiles. Steal can also offer protection such as the refrigerator, washer, dryer, and furniture made from steel. However, armor piercing rounds can punch through thinner metals and can pose a problem.

Custom Shooting Ranges for Firearm Practice & Training

Unfortunately, to properly understand what can provide cover you will need to learn more about calibers and bullet designs. Certain bullets, such as hollow points, make great home defense rounds as they expand when fired. When they expand, they become weaker and don’t penetrate certain materials. Spire pointed bullets and even lower calibers such as a 9mm can easily pass through materials such as wood and even steel. We encourage everyone to learn how to stay safe and to do their research on proper cover. For quality range design and construction, contact Shooting Range Industries today!

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