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Basic Fundamentals of Shooting a Firearm; Stance, Grip, Draw, Trigger Control, Breathing, Follow Through & More

The difference between a good shooter and exceptional one, is the details. Without the basic fundamentals efficiently applied, the shots are not going to be on point. To help you improve your shooting abilities, or just to remind the veterans, we at Shooting Range Industries would like to discuss the basic fundamentals of shooting.

Shooting Stance

Many instructors would insist on focusing on stance to ensure the shooter can manage the recoil and avoid being knocked off balance from the gun cycling. Stance, or sometimes referenced as platform, includes standing, kneeling, and prone position. The weight is forward, eyes to the front of the gun, and your body is planted to the ground.

Pistol Grip

No matter the type of gun, grip matters. Your hold on the weapon has everything to do with your ability to manage the recoil. Also, how well you manage recoil reflects your ability to quickly fire multiple well-aimed shots. You aren’t operating to your greatest potential if you’re not using muscular and skeletal alignment in your grip. Thumbs forward toward the target, high thumbs forward mean high to the axis of momentum.

Gun Draw

This fundamental is to get the weapon into the plane of vision between your eyes and the target, as fast and efficiently as possible. In addition to dealing with retention devices on holsters, how you initially grip your weapon is all associated with your draw or presentation. It is usually taught in distinct steps that are paused and choppy to ensure each step is performed, but eventually, it should be fluid.

Sight Alignment & Sight Picture

Sight alignment and sight picture go hand in hand with each other. If you don’t know how to place them on a target, properly aligned sights mean nothing. Sight alignment is the front sight viewed through the rear sight with them, equally spaced and even across the top.

Trigger Control

Applying steady pressure directly rearward while not disturbing the sight alignment or sight picture before the round fires is trigger control. Manage the trigger based on target size and distance, no matter if you do it fast or slow. Be sure to fire every shot from the pressure wall.


Breathing helps in your shooting performance. Precision shooting requires a little more including Breathe, Relax, Aim, Stop, Squeeze, Follow-through. Holding your breath hinders your performance. Your eyes especially are impacted since oxygen deprivation can affect your most delicate organs in as little as four seconds.

Follow Through when Shooting

The follow through means maintaining all of the fundamentals through the break of the round, and very important. Staying with the sights and following them into recoil is essential. When you have a solid stance, excellent grip, and an understanding of the importance of sight alignment and sight picture is the easiest way to ensure follow through.


After the shooting is over, recovery is the final step. Part of this is maintaining steady breathing, scanning your environment, and returning to the weapon to your holster. Where applicable, manual safety operations is essential.

Custom Shooting Ranges for Civilians, Law Enforcement & Military Practice & Training

While mastering your fundamentals, always be sure to always apply safety precautions. Shooting Range Industries designs and builds modular shooting ranges customized to best meet your needs. Our safe and secure indoor ranges are the epitome of convenience and they are portable and can be set on your own property. Contact us to learn more today!

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