Recoil: When a gun is fired, and the kick, or the backward force that the gun exerts is the recoil. The more recoil there is for the heavier the bullet and the faster it leaves the barrel.
Revolver: A multi-chambered cylinder (usually holding six to eight rounds) featured on a handgun or pistol, rotates with each pull of the trigger.
Rifle: Used for precision shooting, a gun with a long barrel that’s fired from the shoulder. Bolt action, semi-automatic, and automatic and other varieties are available. Using a process known as “rifling,” the barrel has helical pattern grooves cut into the bore walls.
Round: Also known as a cartridge, a round is a complete unit of ammunition consisting of a casing, a primer, a propellant, and a projectile.
Safety: A mechanism that prevents the gun from being fired in most modern firearms by restricting the gun’s trigger from being pulled.
Sawed-off shotgun: Though federally restricted, it is a shotgun that has had its barrel shortened to less than 18”, typically from being sawed off, o ra shotgun with an overall length less than 26”.
Scope: A device that allows the shooter to see and aim at distant target more easily, which is a magnifying tube attached to the top of a rifle, pistol, or shotgun.
Semi-automatic: A self-loading firearm, it performs all necessary mechanical steps to prepare another bullet to be fired in addition to firing a bullet each time the trigger is pulled until the loaded magazine is empty.
Shells: Sometimes used to describe shotgun ammunition as well as a slang term for the leftover casing of a round.
Shotgun: Instead of bullets, this is a firearm fires groups of small pellets or very large slugs. This weapon is designed for close range shooting fast moving targets, like birds, deer, or rabbits.
Silencer: A device that is attached to the end of a gun’s barrel and reduces the sound of its discharge; they are tightly controlled by federal law and is more formally known as a suppressor.
Stopping power: A term usually used to describe the ability of ammunition to cause a human or animal to be incapacitated when shot. Though imprecise, it gives a general idea a cartridge or round
Strawman purchase: Since Private Party Transfers aren’t regulated, this method of purchasing a gun is illegal, but it is when someone else purchase a gun for you, then they hand the gun over to you for a much lower price or small fee.
Waiting period: Anywhere from 7 to 25 days, it is the legally mandated time between purchasing a firearm and receiving the firearm. To help prevent impulsive acts of violence and suicides, this cooling period also allows law enforcement officials time to perform a background check on the purchaser.
We at Shooting Range Industries hopes this 3-part common terminology helps beginners feel more familiar with firearms and shooting. Always practice safety when handling firearms, whether you are on the range or home. Contact us today!