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Basic Parts of Ammunition, Common Bullet Calibers, Centerfire VS Rimfire Ammo & More

Spending time on the firing range is something that handgun devotees, shotgun admirers, and rifle enthusiasts take their passion and skills for continued training and marksmanship. As it is proven to be beneficial for mental health along with physical health the shooting range offers something for everyone including military personnel, law enforcement personnel, armed security industries, those who carry concealed weapons, competition shooters, and those who enjoy cranking out some rounds.

Basic Parts of Ammunition

For the beginner shooter, however, the range can be fun yet overwhelming as there is countless information to the aspects of shooting. Most focus on shooting techniques and know little about ammunition. To help encourage the beginners to learn more about ammo, we at Shooting Range Industries would like to relate the fundamentals of ammunition.
1) Case: Typically comprised of brass, steel, or copper the case is what holds all the components of a bullet together.
2) Primer: When struck by the firing pin the primer is the explosive chemical used to ignite the gunpowder. The primer is either designed in the in the centerfire (center of the base within the case) or rimfire (rim of the case).
3) Gunpowder: Once the gunpowder, which is a chemical mixture, is ignited it burns rapidly, which is then converted to an expanding gas.
4) Projectile: The object that expelled from the barrel of your gun, typically containing lead, is the bullet project.

Centerfire VS Rimfire Ammunition

The centerfire and rimfire ammunition are different though this is a little confusing to beginners. Shotguns, rifles and handguns use centerfire ammunition. In most cases the casing that has the primer placed in the center of the base casing are reloadable. The primer in the rim of the ammunition casing, it is the rimfire ammunition and are reloadable, but the rounds are limited to low-pressure loads.

Handgun Caliber Chart

It is essential to know which handgun cartridge caliber size is required for the use of your specific handgun. The bullets in handgun cartridges have many selections are available for the bullets made for handgun such as design, size and weight. Derived from copper, brass, steel and other such metals the casing house the projectile, which is often is made of lead.

Types of Bullet Designs

The ward cutter, semi ward cutter, roundnose, full metal jacket, and hollow point are common bullet designs. Hollow point rounds are optimally used for hunting, law enforcement, or personal defense, designed to expand (kind of like a mushroom-shape) upon impact. Bullets are typically flat or solid points to make clean holes on target paper on shooting ranges.

Common Bullet Calibers

To describe the size of the cartridges, calibers specific to the bore are used. The most common calibers used are .45,.44, .40 or 10mm, .357 or .380 or 9mm, .30 or .32, .22 or .25. It is crucial you use the appropriate size caliber that corresponds with the bore size. There are volumes of information to help you learn more in depth about ammunition. Applying your ammunition knowledge on the range can enhance your skills and most importantly increase your safety. Shooting Range Industries designs and builds custom shooting ranges to best meet your needs. Contact us to learn more today!