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Parts of a Handgun / Pistol, Rifle & Shotgun; Function of Action, Barrel, Stock or Frame & More

Most people have a basic understanding concerning guns. Whether you are a hunter, recreational shooter, competition shooter, or rely on firearms for your chosen career among other reasons, you have a firm grasp about guns. However, those just beginning have a lot to learn. No matter if you are new to firearms, or looking for a refresher, we at Shooting Range Industries would like to list the basic parts of shotguns, rifles, and handguns.

Though we are eager to share the very basic parts of a pistol, rifle, and shotgun, we want to stress the importance of gun safety, storage, and all the other laws in your specific state. If you check the state online, you can be directed to the specific gun laws. Be sure to learn and understand them because when it comes to the law, ignorance will not get you out of trouble.

Parts of a Handgun / Pistol

Modern handguns have four basic parts that include the frame, action, barrel, and the clip or cylinder.
Action – The action comprises of the components that fire the cartridge including the trigger.
Barrel – Protruding from the frame, the barrel is the metal tube where the bullet travels as it leaves the handgun.
Frame – The frame consists of the metal housing, including everything attached to or inside the frame as well as the grip or handle of the gun.
Clips or Cylinders – These parts are not interchangeable. Your gun will have a cylinder that holds the ammunition should your gun be a revolver instead of a repeating handgun. Clips or magazines that fit firmly into the grip are used with repeating handguns. A handgun’s other parts include the magazine release, muzzle, slide stop, rear and front sights, trigger, and trigger guard.

Parts of a Rifle

The stock, action, and barrel are the basic parts of a rifle.
Action – The action is the mechanism that loads the ammo, fires, and unloads spent cartridges. Addition common rifle actions include lever-action, pump-action, bolt-action, break action, and semi-automatic action.
Barrel – The barrel protrudes outward and is the long, metal tube where, like the handgun, allows the bullet to travel.
Stock – The stock is the part used to aim the firearm and is the part of the rifle you hold. The rifle also includes the front and rear sights, the receiver, trigger, trigger guard, magazine, and safety.

Parts of a Shotgun

The general components of shotgun are broken down to the barrel, stock, and action.
Action – The mechanism that that loads, fires, and discards the spent shotgun shells. Pump-action shotguns are the most common, however, other types include bolt-action, break action, and semi-automatic action.
Barrel – The barrel is the part that extends from the gun so the pellets can leave the gun, this tube allows them travel.
Stock is the part of the shotgun you hold as well as the part that rests against your shoulder.
The other parts of the shotgun are the muzzle, magazine cap, trigger guard, receiver, breech bolt, ejection port, and safety mechanism.

Custom Shooting Ranges for Practice & Training

We hope this gave you a little insight on the basic components of the firearms commonly used on the shooting range, just be sure to always proper safety and handling whenever you handle, clean, shoot, and transport firearms. For the most convenient and enjoyable way to practice and train with your weapons, call Shooting Range Industries to learn about designing and building a portable fully equipped indoor shooting range with all the bells and whistles on your own property.

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