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Terminology; What are the Basic Parts of Ammunition? Centerfire VS Rimfire Ammo, Caliber Size & More

For continued training and marksmanship, spending time on the firing range is something that handgun devotees, shotgun admirers, and rifle enthusiasts take their passion and skills. Those who carry concealed weapons, competition shooters, and those who enjoy cranking out some rounds, along with military and law enforcement personnel and armed security industries, often take advantage of the mental health along with physical health the shooting range offers. As there is countless information to the aspects of shooting, for the beginner shooter, the range can be fun yet overwhelming, however. Most focus on shooting techniques and know little about the ammunition. Today, we at Shooting Range Industries would like to relate the fundamentals of ammunition to help encourage the beginners to learn more about the ammunition.

What are the Basic Parts of Ammunition?

1) Gunpowder: Gunpowder is a chemical mixture that is ignited, burned rapidly, then converted to an expanding gas.
2) Projectile: Generally, containing lead, the object that expelled from the barrel of your gun, which is the bullet project.
3) Case: Usually comprised of brass, steel, or copper, the case is what holds all the components of a bullet together.
3) Primer: Used to ignite the gunpowder, explosive chemical, primer is activated when struck by the firing pin. The primer is either designed in the in the centerfire (center of the base within the case) or rimfire (rim of the case).

What is the Main Difference Between Centerfire & Rimfire Ammunition?

Though they are a little confusing to beginners, the centerfire or rimfire ammunition is different. Centerfire ammunition are used in the shotguns, rifles and handguns. Placed in the center of the base casing are reloadable is the casing that has the primer in most cases. It is the rimfire ammunition and are reloadable, but the rounds are limited to low-pressure loads, the primer in the rim of the ammunition casing.

Caliber Size

Required for the use of your specific handgun, it is essential to know which handgun cartridge caliber size. Including design, size and weight, the bullets in handgun cartridges have many selections are available for the bullets made for handguns. Often made of lead, it is derived from copper, brass, steel and other such metals the casing house the projectile. Calibers specific to the bore are used to describe the size of the cartridges. The most common calibers used are .45,.44, .40 or 10mm, .357 or .380 or 9mm, .30 or .32, .22 or .25. Corresponding with the bore size, it is crucial you use the appropriate size caliber. There are volumes of information to help you learn more in depth about ammunition.

Bullet Designs

Commonly the bullet designs, the ward cutter, semi ward cutter, roundnose, full metal jacket, and hollow point. Engineered to expand (kind of like a mushroom-shape) upon impact, hollow point rounds are optimally used for hunting, law enforcement, or personal defense. To make clean holes on target paper on shooting ranges, bullets are usually flat or solid points.

Custom Portable Shooting Ranges Made in the USA

To enhance your skills and most importantly increase your safety, applying your ammunition knowledge on the shooting range is exceptional. Shooting Range Industries designs and builds custom modular shooting ranges to best meet our clients needs. Call us to learn more today!