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What are the Basic Parts of Ammunition? Accuracy, Pros & Cons of Centerfire VS Rimfire

Proven to be beneficial to mental health, as well as physical health, hitting the firing range, is something that handgun devotees, shotgun admirers, and rifle enthusiasts have taken their passions and talents and firing range for continued training and marksmanship. The shooting range offers something to anyone including military personnel, to law enforcement agency, to armed security industries, down to concealed weapons carry, and those wanting to hone their recreational shooting techniques. But for the beginner, it can be an overwhelming load of information to take in. Where most concentrate on the shooting and technique, few get to know the basics of the ammunition. Shooting Range Industries would like to take the opportunity to discuss the fundamentals of ammunition today.

What are the Basic Parts of Ammunition?

For starters, the bullet, or round, is broken down as follows:
1) Case: This is what holds all the components of a bullet together and is usually comprised of brass, steel, or copper.
2) Primer: The primer is the explosive chemical used to ignite the gunpowder, which occurs when struck by the firing pin. The primer could be placed rimfire (rim of the case) or in the centerfire (center of the base within the case).
3) Gunpowder: The gunpowder, which is a chemical mixture, burns rapidly once it is ignited and is then converted to an expanding gas.
4) Projectile: Usually containing led, the projectile, or bullet, is the object that expelled from the barrel of your gun.

Main Difference Between Centerfire & Rimfire Ammunition

A little confusing for beginners, the centerfire or rimfire ammunition is different. Centerfire ammunition is used in shotguns, rifles and handguns. The primer is placed in the center of the base casing, as we previously mentioned and in most cases they are reloadable. When the primer is engineered in the rim of the ammunition casing, it is the rimfire ammunition. It is not reloadable and the rounds are limited to low-pressure loads.

Handgun Cartridges

It is instrumental to know the handgun cartridge required for the use of your specific handgun. A number of various selections are available for the bullets in handgun cartridges that include design, size and weight. The projectile is frequently derived of led, where the casing, or jacket, can be designed from copper, brass, steel and other such metals.

Types of Bullets

Bullets designs commonly crafted are the ward cutter, semi ward cutter, roundnose, full metal jacket, and hollow point. Designed to expand (kind of like a mushroom-shape) upon impact, hollow point rounds are optimally used for hunting, law enforcement, or personal defense. For shooting ranges, bullets are typically flat or solid points to make clean holes on target paper.

Gun Calibers

Specific to the bore are the calibers used to describe the size of the cartridges. The calibers most common include .45,.44, .40 or 10mm, .357 or .380 or 9mm, .30 or .32, .22 or .25. It is essential you use the appropriate size caliber for the corresponding bore size. It is definitely important to understand the ammunition and there are volumes of information to help you learn it.

Custom Modular Shooting Ranges

When applying your knowledge about the ammunition, you can enhance your performance on the range. Keep in mind safety is the utmost importance and secondarily to have fun! Shooting Range Industries designs and builds custom shooting ranges to best meet your training and practice needs. Contact us to learn more today!

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