• HVAC

What Can Cause a Gun to Jam & Misfunction? Hang Fire, Failure to Feed, Stovepipe & More

The likelihood of experiencing a jam of some kind with your firearm on the range is high, even if you have formal training or exposure to firearms. A “jam” is a broad term and often used to refer to several different firearms malfunctions you may run into on the range. From mechanical problems, to having bad rounds, and poor shooting techniques, there are quite a few reasons as to why a gun can malfunction. To help reduce jamming issues, routinely cleaning the firearm on a regular basis is essential. Including those who depend on their weapon in their career, occasional jams can happen to anyone. You should take your weapon to a professional to ensure safety and proper firing efficiency in the event your firearm is constantly jamming. There are a few problems that are more common that lead to gun jamming and today, we at Shooting Range Industries would like to list them to help you avoid them.

Hang Fire / Misfire

The frequent problem is that after the trigger is pulled, nothing happens and though they are two separate and distinct problems, the misfire and hang fire have a similar appearance. Known as a hang fire is in the event the round fires following a delay. When the weapon doesn’t fire at all, it is known as a misfire. Always remain in your firing stance with the gun pointed down range for a solid minute by first eliminating any possibility of a delayed action for everyone’s safety. Once you have allowed enough time to elapse, remove the round and examine it. On the back of the round, look for an indentation to check the primer. If the center was struck, it was a bad round. Solicit the help of range safety officer to dispose of it safely. In the event it was struck off center, or not at all, the mechanism is likely at fault.

Failure to Feed

It is known as failure to feed when the next round has not been properly fed into the chamber. Not having a firm grip on the firearm while firing is frequently is one of the most common occurrences as to why weapon is experiencing the inability to feed. Should your weapon fail to feed, you will need to clear the chamber and perhaps drop the magazine out before proceeding.


Ejection failure is when the casing of a round exits the chamber but gets stuck in the ejection port occurs. This type of jam is often referred to as “stovepipes” due to casing often sticks out perpendicular to the slide like a stovepipe hat. Causing the failure to eject frequently the result of the shooter using a weak grip while firing.

Custom Shooting Ranges for Practice & Training

Consider taking a few basic firearm shooting classes and then take what you learned to the range to practice form and accuracy if you are experiencing jamming issues because of your gripping or shooting techniques. To help you avoid your firearm from being “jammed”, there are many classes readily available to help you increase your weapon efficiency. Shooting Range Industries builds custom portable shooting ranges for the ultimate in safe and convenient firearm practice and training. Contact Shooting Range Industries to learn more today!